Things You Need to Know About Abortion

With modern technology, abortions are generally safe, and there are many reasons why you might consider getting one. Abortion is legal in every state United States. Some states regulate how long you have to get an abortion. For instance, an abortion in Iowa is legal up to 22 weeks after conception. Since it involves a medical or surgical procedure, it should not be taken lightly. You should know all of the facts before making this decision. 

Medical Abortion

Medical abortion is normally an option within 14 weeks of conception. During a medical abortion, the doctor prescribes two different types of medication. You take one the first day at the clinic. Since there is no anesthesia involved, you shouldn’t have a problem going home or working afterward. This blocks one of the main pregnancy hormones.

You take the second pill a day or two later. If you are under ten weeks pregnant, you can take this medication at home. If you are more than ten weeks pregnant, you may have to go to the doctor’s office or clinic to take it. Usually, 4 to 6 hours after taking this medication, the lining in your uterus begins to break down. This causes some pain, bleeding and the loss of the fetus.

If for some reason, the fetus does not pass, you may need a surgical option.

Surgical Abortion

During a surgical abortion, the doctor numbs your cervix and uses two methods to remove the fetus. There is a suction aspiration type (up to 14 weeks) and a dilation and evacuation type (after 14 weeks.) Each of these procedures may be performed under a local anesthetic, general anesthetic or conscious anesthetic. The sedation you choose is up to you and your doctor. After a surgical abortion, you may feel pain, but you can return to normal activities as soon as you feel ready.

Side Effects You Might Experience

There are some side effects of both medical and surgical abortions that you need to know about. 

The main side effects of a medical abortion are diarrhea, continued bleeding, pain, vomiting and some psychological trauma. As with any medication, there might be a slight risk of both infection and allergic reactions. You should tell your doctor if you experience anything unusual or severe.

The side effects of surgical abortion are damage to the cervix, bleeding, perforation of the cervix, scarring, or anesthesia problems. Your doctor will talk to you about possible side effects or complications with you. Be sure to carefully consider them before undergoing the procedure.

With both procedures, heavy bleeding is not unexpected, but you will need to see the doctor if you experience heavy bleeding for too long. Also, speak with your doctor if you experience severe symptoms or symptoms that last longer than they should. Your doctor will tell you how long you can expect them to last.

It is an excellent idea to speak to a trained counselor both before and after your procedure. A counselor will be able to inform you of all of your options and choices, allowing you to make the right choice for you.